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Limited Liability Partnership Registration

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An Overview of Limited Liability Partnership Registration

LLP stands for Limited Liability Partnership. It is a hybrid corporate business that allows its members to avail the benefits of a company as well as a partnership firm. It provides the advantage of limited liability like a company and the liberty to decide the internal management matters of the company based on a mutual agreement like a partnership firm. This enables the company members to divide the risk and leverage the expertise and skill of the individual and division of labour.

A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is governed by the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2008; the Bill was presented on 12 December 2008 and was enforced on 31st March 2008. The act governs the formation and regulation of a Limited Liability Partnership.

The Act was amended in the year 2021. The amendment brought significant changes for the better regulation of LLP in India

Benefits of Limited Liability Partnership Registration

The key benefits of a LLP Registration are listed below:

  • Separate Legal Entity: An LLP enjoys an independent legal status, just like companies. The LLP holds different status from its partners. Such entities have the right to sue the third party in case of legal dispute and vice versa. The contracts are signed in the LLP’s name, which provides a sense of confidence to various stakeholders and end-users.
  • Limited Liability of The Partners: The partners of an LLP have limited liability. This means that each partner’s liability is limited to the agreed contribution to the company. This indicates that they are liable to pay only the quantum of contributions made by them and they are not personally obligated to address any loss in the business. If an LLP ends up insolvent during winding up, only the LLP assets are liable for compensating its debts. The partners possess no personal liabilities, and therefore they can operate as credible businessmen.
  • Better Flexibility: The operations of an LLP are determined by the LLP agreement, which is based on the mutual decision of the company’s members. This makes the company’s functioning quite flexible compared to other forms of company.
  • Low Incorporation Cost and Minimal Compliance: The cost of Incorporating an LLP is relatively low compared to other business structures such as a private and public limited company. Also, the quantum of compliances is on the low for these entities. The LLP is mandated to file only two statements a year, i.e. Statement of Accounts and Solvency and an Account return.
  • No Need for Minimum Capital Contribution: The LLP can be incorporated in the absence of any minimum capital. Also, there is no requirement to procure any amount of capital contributed by the concerned partners.
  • Perpetual Existence: This form of company has a perpetual Existence which is not affected by the death of any partner. 

Checklist for LLP Registration

  • Minimum of 2 designated partners and DSC of all the partners
  • DPIN of all the serving partners
  • Unique Name of the entity, which is not identical to any prevailing company or trademark
  • The capital contribution made by the serving partners of the LLP
  • LLP Agreement
  • Proof of registered office of the LLP

List of Essential Documents for the Formation of LLP

The documents required for the registration of LLP are given below:

  • Photos of the Partners 
  • Passport ( in case the applicant is NRI)
  • PAN Card of Partners as an Identity Proof 
  • Address Proof of Partners
  • Utility Bill for Proof of Registered office 
  • NOC from Landlord
  • Copy of Rent Agreement 

Procedure for Registering LLP in India

  1. Obtain DSC, DIN & Name Approval

The first step is to apply for Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for all the directors, along with Digital Identification Number (DIN) & Name Approval. DSC can be easily obtained from the nearest Certifying Authorities or CAs with self-attested copies of their identity proof. DIN is applied in the SPICe Form along with the details of the Director. The DIN can be used as DPIN as well; the Name Approval can be obtained through filing the RUN LLP Form. 

  1. File the FiLLiP Form for the incorporation of LLP.

The next step is filing the FiLLiP form with MCA along with the essential documents.

  1. Obtain the Incorporation Certificate

After filing the application along with the necessary documents, the Registrar of Companies (ROC) shall inspect and verify the application and issue the Certificate of Incorporation; after the verification

  1. Draft LLP Agreement

After the incorporation process, an initial LLP agreement must be filed within 30 days from the incorporation date. The user must file the detail in Form 3 (information about LLP agreement and change, if any, made therein.

LLP Amendment Act 2021

The LLP Amendment Act was notified on 11 February 2022. This is the first-ever Amendment after the Act came into force i.e. 2009.

The significant amendments in this Act is enlisted below

  • Decriminalisation of Monetary Offenses
    The technical, minor and compliance-related offenses are moved to In – House Adjudication Mechanism framework along with modified penal provisions. This new amendment Act has also reduced the monetary penalty for some offences.
  • Power to Regional Officers to Compound Offense
    The Regional officer which is appointed by the Central Government has the power to compound any offence under the amended legislation. The offence is punishable with a fine. However, the amended act also prescribes the process of compounding such offences. The fine will be charged on the basis of the limit prescribed by the Act, but the same limit shall not apply if the offender has committed the same offence within three years from the date of committing the first offence.
  • Fees and Penalties for Start-up and Small LLP
    The new amendment states that the penalty for non-compliance with the provisions of the LLP Act shall attract a penalty of half the amount as specified in the Act, which would be no more than Rs. 1 Lac for LLP and 50 000 for each designated partner or any other person as per the case . This is added by introducing a new section, i.e. Section 76 A
  • Establishment of Special Courts
    According to this amendment, special courts shall be established to exclusively try the cases related to the offences committed under the Principal Act. This would help in faster disposal of cases as well as a reduction in the burden of the normal courts.
  • Other Key amendments 
  1. Another section has been added to the new Act, i.e. Section 68 gives the power to the Central Government to establish registration offices at places deemed fit by the Central government.
  2. The residency requirement has been reduced from 180 days to 120 days during a FY under Section 7 of the apex act. It further prescribes that the LLP should have at least 1 Designated partner who is a resident of India
  3. The amended legislation also recognized the concept of Start-up LLP and provided the power to the Central government to recognize certain LLP as start-up LLP by issuing notification from time
  4. Section 34 A has been added to the Principal Act, which gives the power to the central government to prescribe auditing and accounting standards for various categories of LLP after consulting with the National Financial Reporting Authority and the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
 

Avail Dreamunicus Services to Address Registration Formalities with ease

LLP registration seeks a watchful approach as it is subjected to several legal requirements. Even the slightest glitch in the application process or paperwork is enough to trigger the chances of the rejection of the application. This is where you need professional support. At Dreamunicus, we ensure that the client seeking LLP registration remains updated throughout the registration process. Our expertise would let you avail of registration without any hassle

Our Procedure As Soon As the Client Drops a Request On Our Platform?

  • In-depth examination of the client’s business and the nature of the operation
  • Identification of applicable compliances for registration
  • Initiating paperwork process and arranging pre-registration deliverable
  • Confronting concerned authority for addressing registration formalities and document submission
  • Sorting out relevant post-incorporation compliances

Frequently Asked Questions (Faq)

Following the guidelines outlined in the LLP Act, LLPs must be registered with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) (designated under the Companies Act, 2013). There must be a registered office for every LLP. A properly completed Incorporation Document that has the signatures of at least two partners must be filed with the Registrar. The LLP Agreement's prescribed contents must also be submitted online to the Registrar. Contents of the LLP Agreement or any amendments made therein, if any, may be recorded in Form 3, and details of partners/designated partners may be filed in Form 4 in compliance with LLP Regulations, 2009.

File LLP Form No. 1 (Application for reservation or change of name) by logging on to the LLP portal together with the fee stipulated and submitting the digital signature of the designated partner requesting to incorporate an LLP. Refer to Section 15's rules on LLP name availability and Rule 18 of the LLP Rules from 2009.

Yes, by adhering to the requirements of clause 58 and Schedule II of the LLP Act, an existing partnership firm may be changed into an LLP. For this conversion and incorporation of LLP, Form 17 must be filed alongside Form 2.

Yes, by adhering to the requirements of clause 58 and Schedule III and IV of the LLP Act, any existing private business or current unlisted public company may be changed into an LLP. For such a conversion, Form 18 must be submitted with Form 2 to the registrar.

No, LLP conversions are only possible for private or unlisted public companies

Yes, indeed, in accordance with Sections 2(0) & (q), 22 & 23 of the Act, it is required to sign and submit an LLP Agreement. In accordance with LLP Act requirements, reciprocal rights, and liabilities must be as specified in Schedule I to the Act in the absence of agreement on any topic. In order to specifically exclude the applicability of any or all of Schedule I's paragraphs, an LLP would need to enter into an LLP Agreement if it wanted to propose to exclude any of the provisions or requirements of Schedule I to the Act.

LLP must submit Forms 8 (Statement of Account & Solvency) and 11 (Annual Return) every year. The "Annual Return" must be submitted within 60 days of the financial year's conclusion, and the "Statement of Accounts & Solvency" must be submitted within 30 days4 of the financial year's halfway point. Every LLP is required to have a standard financial year that ends on March 31 of each year.

By submitting Form 27 with information regarding the foreign LLP's incorporation, its DPs/partners, and at least two authorized representatives for complying with LLP Act regulations, a foreign LLP may open an office in India.

A document may be served on an LLP, a partner, or a designated partner in accordance with the Act's provisions by mailing it or using another method (to be prescribed under Rules) and delivering it to the LLP's registered office or another address it has designated for that purpose (in the rules). In order to receive statutory notices, letters, and other correspondence from the Registrar, an LLP may choose to declare an additional address (in addition to the registered office).

An LLP is required to keep annual accounts that accurately and fairly depict its financial situation. Every LLP must submit an annual "Statement of Accounts and Solvency" in the prescribed form to the Registrar.

In accordance with Rule 24 of the LLP, Regulations 2009, the financial statements of each LLP must be audited. These regulations, among other things, state that LLPs are exempt from having their accounts audited if their annual contributions or turnover do not exceed 25 lakh rupees or 40 lakh rupees, respectively.6 The accounts of the LLP, however, must only be audited in compliance with this provision if the partners of the limited liability partnership want to have them done.

Each LLP must submit an annual return on Form 11 to the ROC within 60 days of the financial year's end. Upon payment of the required fees to the Registrar, the yearly return will be made available for public inspection.

The Registrar would have the authority to ask any designated partner, partner, or employee of the LLP for whatever information he may deem essential for carrying out the Act's provisions. In the event that the information has not been provided to him or in the event that the Registrar is dissatisfied with the information provided to him, he would also have the authority to call any designated partner, partner, or employee of any LLP before him for any such purpose.

The LLP Act makes no provisions for handling stamp duty issues because that is a matter that is left to the States. The applicable Stamp Act as stipulated by the State Government/Union Territory will determine the amount of Stamp Duty due.

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Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarks grove right at the coast

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Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarks grove right at the coast

Shams W.Pawel Founder & CEO of XpeedStudio

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarks grove right at the coast

Shams W.Pawel Founder & CEO of XpeedStudio

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarks grove right at the coast

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